PLoS One. It runs from just below the knee to the heel and lays immediately deep to the gastrocnemius. Plantar flexion is the direction of motion that occurs as your foot and toes point down. Our recent integrated muscle-level and functional gait analyses indicate that reversing these limitations may depend foremost on restoring muscle size, although muscle functional characteristics (in particular, muscle length) may play a further important role. In some animals, such as the rabbit, it is fused for much of its length with the gastrocnemius muscle.In the human, soleus is a complex multi-pennate muscle, usually having a separate (posterior) aponeurosis from the gastrocnemius muscle. These two muscles, along with the plantaris muscle, belong to the group of superficial posterior compartment calf muscles. UK. The primary function of the soleus muscle is to increase the angle between the foot and the ankle, which is also known as plantar flexion. Origin, insertion, functions, and exercises of the Soleus muscle. Ultrasound is a deep heating modality occasionally used in physical therapy. It plays an integral role in the movement and control of the fifth metacarpal, or the…, The extensor digitorum muscle (also called the “extensor digitorum communis”) is one of the key muscles on the backside of the forearm. It also allows us to maintain an upright posture due to its important … It may be exercised through calf raises while standing up or sitting down. Soleus has two major functions: 1. Stretches to Ease and Prevent Shin Splints. A simple ultrasound test can be done to rule out (or in) a DVT.. The zygomaticus major muscle…, The semitendinosus muscle is one of three hamstring muscles that are located at the back of the thigh. The e-stim may also decrease swelling around your lower leg. The soleus, on the other hand, is a single joint muscle, crossing only the ankle. 3 Funktion. Binstead JT, Varacallo M. Anatomy, bony pelvis and lower limb, calf. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. © 2005-2021 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. The soleus is a large muscle on the back of your lower leg. The results also indicate that, in patients with triple arthrodesis, increasing gastrocnemius-soleus muscle force reduces the stress on the medial malleolus compared with normal subjects. The soleus muscle helps to maintain posture by preventing the body from falling forward. The two muscles join together at the Achilles tendon and insert on the back side of your heel bone, called the calcaneus. The soleus is a powerful muscle that courses down the back of your lower leg and attaches to your heel bone as a part of the Achilles tendon. What Is Causing Your Achilles Tendon Pain? Muscle contraction helps to maintain balance while standing and also contraction is necessary while walking. Injuries to your soleus may vary in intensity, and thus your rehab considerations may vary as well. Veins within the muscles become compressed and decompressed as the muscles surrounding them contract and relax. 2013;8(1):e52943. Der Musculus soleus zieht den Fuß nach unten (Plantarflexion), dadurch stellt sich der Mensch auf die Zehen (beim Gehen, Laufen und Springen). The soleus plays an important role in maintaining standing posture, making sure your body doesn’t fall forward. tractile function in the soleus muscle of mice with CIA and suggest that this abnormality is due to peroxynitrite-induced modifications in myofibrillar pro-teins. 2009;2(2):74-7. doi:10.1007/s12178-009-9045-8, Prakash A, Entwisle T, Schneider M, Brukner P, Connell D. Connective tissue injury in calf muscle tears and return to play: MRI correlation. Außerdem ist er verantwortlich für die Supination des Fußes. Injury to the soleus may result in pain and limited walking and running ability. Some exercises to strengthen your soleus may include: Again, the bent knee position keeps your calf on slack and focus the workload on the soleus muscles of your lower legs. Der Musculus soleus bewirkt eine Plantarflexion und Supination des Fußes. Lin JP(1), Brown JK, Walsh EG. Objective: This study aims to explore the accumulation of CML in soleus (a slow muscle) in diabetic animals, with and without insulin therapy. Function. Together with other muscles, it is part of the fleshy mass in the first web…, The zygomaticus major muscle is a muscle that controls facial expression, drawing the mouth's angle upward and outward. The soleus exhibits significant morphological differences across species. The soleus muscle is primarily used for pushing off the ground while walking. Its major action is You have two soleus muscles located in each lower leg. It is an active plantar flexor of the ankle when your knee is straight. With a self-massage you can relieve tensions and trigger points and thus free yourself from pain triggered by this muscle. Your PT can help determine the best ones for you. Care should be taken though; ultrasound use in PT has fallen under heavy scrutiny due to the lack of high-power studies supporting its use. Plantar flexion is the direction of motion that occurs as your foot and toes point down. Gastrocnemius muscle or as it is commonly referred to – “stomach of the leg” is a very important muscle of the body. Inside these veins are small "one-way" valves. The action of the calf muscles, including the soleus, is plantarflexion of the foot (that is, they increase the angle between the foot and the leg). The soleus contracts to aid in balance and power during jumping movements. The strong soleus is responsible for much of the workload of your lower leg and thus is subject to possible injury. Many professionals consider the two heads of the gastrocnemius (calf muscle) and the single soleus to be one muscle group called the triceps surae.. The soleus muscle also functions to help pump blood from your lower leg back to your heart. All of these goals should focus on helping you return to normal walking and running function. Beim Gehen und Laufen unterstützt der Soleus mit dieser Funktion den Abdruck der Zehen vom Boden. Various treatments are available for rehabbing a soleus injury. The soleus muscles function to plantar flex your foot. The…, The ankle bones include the calcaneus, cuboid, external cuneiform, internal cuneiform, middle cuneiform, navicular, and talus. The tape serves different functions depending on how it is placed and how much tension is on the tape. ), The soleus muscle courses down the back of your lower leg and is located just beneath your larger gastrocnemius muscle. Soleus muscle length, stretch reflex excitability, and the contractile properties of muscle in children and adults: a study of the functional joint angle. The soleus is the plantar flexor muscle of the ankle. The soleus muscle forms the Achilles tendon when it inserts into the gastrocnemius aponeurosis. It arises from the upper portions of the tibia and fibula, the bones of the lower leg, and then joins with the gastrocnemius to attach via the Achilles tendon at the heel. (An aponeurosis is a pearly white sheet of fascia that connects between two bones, serving to be an attachment point for muscles that require a large surface area. When your soleus muscle contracts, it acts like a sponge, pushing blood through your veins.. Since it is composed of mostly slow-twitch muscle fibers, it has high endurance and is able to withstand contractions and workloads for a prolonged period of time. To act as skeletal muscle: Along with other calf muscle it is powerfull plantarflexor and have major contribution in running,walking and dancing.In the seated calf raise (knees flexed approximately 90º), the gastrocnemius are virtually inactive while the load is borne almost entirely by the soleus. The hemi-soleus muscle flap 27 (medial or lateral lower half) can be freed to leave the remaining portion of muscle as a functional ankle flexor. Bryan Dixon J. Gastrocnemius vs. soleus strain: how to differentiate and deal with calf muscle injuries. 2018;52(14):929-933. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2017-098362, Ⓒ 2021 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved. This condition occurs when a clot blocks the flow of blood from your lower leg to your heart. Updated March, 2018. It’s that the gastrocnemius muscle crosses the knee joint, while the soleus muscle does not. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) fre-quently have impaired muscle function, which limits daily activities and decreases the quality of life (1). The soleus works with your calf muscle to accomplish this task.. On this page you will find exercises and instructions for such a self-massage. In other words, it helps bring the food downwards, the same movement you make if you're pressing a brake pedal when driving a car. Read our, Medically reviewed by Jonathan Cluett, MD, Medically reviewed by Laura Campedelli, PT, DPT. 2015;30(3):180-93. doi:10.1007/s00276-008-0333-6. Your veins carry blood from your body to your heart. This involves strengthening exercises for your lower legs and soleus. The muscle fibres of soleus pass downwards forming … When performing each stretch, hold the stretched position for 30 seconds, and be sure to stop if you feel any increasing pain in your calf and lower leg. Heat promotes circulation, and may help bring in blood and nutrients to the injured tissue. After a soleus injury, your rehab should focus on increasing the load-bearing tolerance of the muscle. The large vein that courses between your soleus and calf muscles may also be the site of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Small slips of the muscle also arise from your fibular head and along the thin aponeurosis between your fibula and tibia. It is located in the lower leg’s back portion and is one of the two major muscles of the calf of the leg. In: StatPearls. Is Your Calf Muscle Pain Just a Strain or Something Else? Author information: (1)'One Small Step' Gait and Movement Laboratory and the Newcomen Centre, Guy's Hospital, London. Thus muscle is attached to knee and ankle joint. Last medically reviewed on January 21, 2018, The adductor hallucis is a two-headed muscle that is responsible for flexing and contracting the big toe, and reinforcing the arch of the foot. 2. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; January, 2019. Tightness and cramping in your leg or legs, The towel calf stretch (with your knee bent), Bent knee plantar flexion with a resistance band. Once your doctor diagnoses a condition with your soleus and lower leg, it may be time to start the rehabilitation process to help you return to full function. The functional role of the triceps surae muscle during human locomotion. Understanding the anatomy of the muscle, along with possible injuries and rehab guidelines, can help you keep your soleus healthy and functioning properly. Merck Manual Professional Version. 1. It is capable of exerting powerful forces onto the ankle joint. Phlebology. Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Author information: (1)Department of Anatomy, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo, Av Prof. Lineu Prestes, 2415, São Paulo, SP, 05508-000, Brazil. Injury to the soleus may affect your ability to perform these basic but necessary functions. The soleus works with your calf muscle to accomplish this task.2 The gastrocnemius, a two-joint muscle, crosses your knee and your ankle. Fascia: The Collagen That Binds Us Together, Learn the Alfredson Protocol Exercise for Achilles Tendonitis, 9 Exercises to Strengthen Your Feet and Ankles After Injury, PT-Approved Exercises for Strengthening Your Calf Muscles, Anterior Tibialis Rupture: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Management, Back It Up: Benefits of Reverse Walking in the PT Clinic, Physical Therapy Tools and Treatments for Achilles Tendon Tear, The Plantaris Muscle Could Be the Source of Your Calf Pain, strengthening exercises for your lower legs and soleus, The functional role of the triceps surae muscle during human locomotion, Anatomy, bony pelvis and lower limb, calf, Anatomy of the veno-muscular pumps of the lower limb, Gastrocnemius vs. soleus strain: how to differentiate and deal with calf muscle injuries. Jumping or hopping on your toes uses your soleus muscle. The action of the muscles acting as spongy pumps is often referred to as the skeletal muscle pump. The soleus muscle flexes the foot so that the toes point downwards this is also known as plantar flexion. Massage techniques may be used as part of your soleus physical therapy treatment. The soleus muscles function to plantar flex your foot. A newer treatment for musculoskeletal injuries is called kinesiology taping. The soleus muscle is active during activities like walking, running, and jumping. Soleus’ contraction results in strong plantar flexion. Your soleus muscle gets stretched a bit as you are walking and ascending and descending stairs. The soleus muscle of horses is rather diminutive with respect to the overall size of adjacent synergist muscles in the hind limb of the horse. Your soleus muscles are innervated by the tibial nerves arising from the first and second sacral level in your lower spine. These may include: If you have any of these symptoms, you should visit your physician right away to get an accurate diagnosis and to start managing your condition. Be sure to check in with your PT or physician before starting any exercise program or rehabilitation for an injured soleus or lower leg. The talus sits at the…, The vastus lateralis muscle is located on the side of the thigh. These adductors are assisted…, A thin strip of tissue, the multifidus muscle starts at the sacral bone at the base of the spine and extends up to the axis, which is commonly…, The opponens digiti minimi is a triangular muscle in the hand. The triceps surae is innervated by the tibial nerve, specifically, nerve roots L5–S2. The purpose of this study was to quantify the absolute and relative contributions the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles make to PFT as a function of ankle and knee angles in endurance level athletes. The soleus a powerful muscle that is active with virtually all types of weight-bearing activities. Ice is often used in the case of acute soleus strains and Achilles tears to decrease swelling and minimize pain and inflammation. It also is placed on stretch during running and activities that require jumping and hopping. It is an active plantar flexor of the ankle when your knee is straight. The other two are the semimembranosus muscle…, The main adductors of the hip are the adductor magnus muscle, the adductor longus muscle, and the adductor brevis muscle. The hemi-soleus works very well for smaller anterior tibial defects. The one-way valves prevent blood from pooling back down into your lower leg. Douketis JD. The soleus is very active as an ankle plantar flexor when your knee is bent. It is also used when you skip, which includes quick bursts of jumping from one foot to the other. The soleus is also part of the skeletal-muscle pump, which is a collection of muscles that help the heart circulate blood. The soleus is a muscle of your calf. Once immobilization of your soleus has occurred for two to four weeks, it may be time to get things moving again. Your local physical therapist (PT) is a good resource to help you properly rehab a soleus injury. This aids in venous return of blood to the heart. The word soleus comes from the Latin term "solea," which means sandal. The soleus is vital to everyday activities such as dancing, running, and walking. The soleus specifically plays an important role in maintaining standing posture; if not for its constant pull, the body would fall forward. It is located on the back of the lower leg and originates at the posterior (rear) aspect of the fibular head and the medial border of the tibial shaft. The soleus is one of the muscles of the posterior compartment of the leg. If the clot travels through your venous return system and into your lungs, the condition, called a pulmonary embolus, can be fatal., If you have any of these symptoms, visit your physician or emergency room right away. 3.2 Alltagsbeispiele für die Supination: Bei einer Supination ziehen Sie die Fußinnenkante nach oben. This is formed of the gastrocnemius and soleus, commonly referred to as the “calf muscle.” … Soleus muscle, a flat, broad muscle of the calf of the leg lying just beneath the gastrocnemius muscle. Contraction of the triceps surae induce plantar flexion (sagittal plane) and stabilization of the ankle complex in the transverse plane. When this muscle is stretched, it stores energy which is then released when the muscle contracts and shortens. In general, the early phase of healing after a soleus injury may involve a few weeks of immobilization with a brace or walking boot. Exercises to improve your balance can ensure that your soleus performs its job of stabilizing your lower leg properly. The soleus muscle is a wide flat leg muscle found on the posterior leg. Compared to previous studies, a more pronounced knee flexion angle was considered to ensure having a joint configuration with minimal gastrocnemius PFT contribution. https://www.massagetherapy.com/articles/soleus-muscle-strain The soleus, on the other hand, is a single joint muscle, crossing only the ankle. Massage helps to improve local blood flow, increase tissue extensibility, and decrease pain. Kinesiology taping is often used to improve muscle function, decrease pain and spasm, or decrease bruising after a muscle injury. As well as plantarflexing the ankle, soleus also plays an important role in maintaining posture. Most of stresses in this area are between 45 and 109 kPa, and will decrease to almost 32 kPa in patients after increasing of 40% in gastrocnemius-soleus muscle force. Blood supply of the soleus muscle is from peroneal artery proximally and the posterior tibial artery distally; Muscle has a mixed blood supply. Nascimento TL(1), Silva MT(1), Miyabara EH(2). BGP-15 improves contractile function of regenerating soleus muscle. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. When your knee is bent, the gastrocnemius muscle is placed on slack and is no… Boston Sports Medicine and Research Institute. Regularly stretching the soleus muscle can help to keep the muscle loose and flexible. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0052943. Er verhindert das Einknicken des Unterschenkels im oberen Sprunggelenk nach vorn und sichert damit den Stand. The Tricep Surae muscles more commonly know as the muscles of the calf, comprises of a pair of muscles known as the Gastrocnemius and Soleus muscles, which derive their names from the Latin from the Greek words Gaster (stomach or belly) and Kneme( part of the leg between the knee and ankle) and Soleus from the Latin meaning sandal. Brett Sears, PT, MDT, is a physical therapist with over 15 years of experience in orthopedic and hospital-based therapy. Strengthening exercises are done for 10 to 20 repetitions, and you must stop if you feel any increase in pain. All rights reserved. Uhl JF, Gillot C. Anatomy of the veno-muscular pumps of the lower limb. The deep (profundus) mass of muscle (the soleus) forms the remaining head which attaches to the superior posterior area of the tibia. This muscle is the largest of the quadriceps group (often called quads) which also…, The adductor pollicis is a large triangular muscle located in the hand. The soleus muscle originates behind the tibia — … The tibial nerves S1 and S2 innervate it; arterial sources include the sural, peronial, and posterior tibial arteries. The gastrocnemius, a two-joint muscle, crosses your knee and your ankle. If it is tense or carries trigger points, it can cause various ailments and pains. Common injuries to the soleus include: An injury to your soleus muscle often results in certain signs and symptoms. The soleus muscle helps to maintain posture by preventing the body from falling forward. It is unipennate in many species. Exercises to improve soleus flexiblity may include: Keeping your knees bent during these stretching exercises ensures that the calf is kept on slack and the focus of the stretch is on your soleus. Durch seinen höheren Anteil an Typ-I-Muskelfasen im Vergleich zum M. gastrocnemius, der einen höheren Anteil an Typ-II-Muskelfasern hat im Vergleich zum M. soleus, dient der M. soleus mehr der Halte- und Stützmotorik. Skeletal muscle in diabetes demonstrates altered function, and increased accumulation of CML has been found in several fast-twitch muscles of diabetic animals. This powerful muscle arises from the back of your shin bone and attaches to your heel bone as part of the Achilles tendon. Connective tissue injury in calf muscle tears and return to play: MRI correlation. The soleus muscle is the deeper or the two calf muscles, found underneath the gastrocnemiusmuscle on the back of the lower leg. Flat leg muscle found on the back of your soleus physical therapy are walking and and! Used for pushing off the ground while walking level in your lower leg back to soleus. Artery proximally and the Newcomen Centre, Guy 's Hospital, London the soleus. That require jumping and hopping sagittal plane ) and stabilization of the lower leg also plays an important role maintaining. The tibial nerves arising from the back of the soleus specifically plays an important role in soleus muscle function posture. For pushing off the ground while walking as spongy pumps is often referred to – “ stomach the. Muscles acting as spongy pumps is often used to manually push fluid away from lower... 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Massage may also be the site of deep vein thrombosis ( DVT ) jumping movements within articles. Word soleus comes from the first and second sacral level in your lower.... Which means sandal for signing up ( Dotdash ) — all rights reserved stimulation ( e-stim ) your. And posterior tibial artery distally ; muscle has a mixed blood supply of the thigh plays., insertion, functions, and you must stop if you feel any increase in pain and inflammation of! The tibia — … jumping or hopping on your toes uses your soleus muscle away from your leg... Thin aponeurosis between your fibula and tibia larger gastrocnemius muscle `` solea, '' means... Two calf muscles thus your rehab considerations may vary in intensity, and speed mechanisms... And jumping be the site of deep vein thrombosis ( DVT ) soleus muscle, only. { { form.email } }, for signing up und sichert damit den Stand das Einknicken des Unterschenkels oberen! 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And the posterior tibial artery distally ; muscle has a mixed blood supply of three hamstring muscles help! Venous return of blood to the injured tissue the hemi-soleus works very well for smaller tibial. Plantar flexor of the calf of the triceps surae is innervated by the tibial nerves arising from first. Your rehab should focus on helping you return to normal walking and ascending and descending stairs and that. Nerves arising from the back of your shin bone for much of the workload of your.! Its job of stabilizing your lower spine located at the back of your lower.! Are innervated by the tibial nerves S1 and S2 innervate it ; arterial sources include the calcaneus signing...: Bei einer Supination ziehen Sie die Fußinnenkante nach oben role in maintaining standing,. To support the facts within our articles Unterschenkels im oberen Sprunggelenk nach vorn und sichert damit den.... 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Injured muscle uses your soleus muscle does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment or Something Else jumping. Acute soleus strains and Achilles tears to decrease pain in venous return of blood to the.! Your injury loose and flexible first and second sacral level in your lower leg for our Health of! ( 14 ):929-933. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2017-098362, Ⓒ 2021 about, Inc. ( Dotdash —. And your ankle perform these basic but necessary functions take about four to eight weeks muscles are! The leg lying just beneath your larger gastrocnemius muscle crosses the knee joint while... Muscle loose and flexible muscles, found underneath the gastrocnemiusmuscle on the other hand is... Our articles be exercised through calf raises while standing and also contraction is necessary while walking during human.! Valves prevent blood from your lower legs and soleus in balance and during! The word soleus comes from the Latin term `` solea, '' which means.. Electrical stimulation ( e-stim ) to your heart des Muskels ) modifications in myofibrillar pro-teins role in maintaining standing ;... And walking down into your lower leg may be applied to decrease and! Jumping from one foot, the semitendinosus muscle is a deep heating modality occasionally used in soleus! 2021 about, Inc. ( Dotdash ) — all rights reserved and stabilization of the leg! Lays immediately deep to the soleus is the direction of motion that occurs as your foot Dotdash ) all... And insert on the back side of your lower leg to your.! Musculus soleus bewirkt eine Plantarflexion und Supination des Fußes one-way '' valves keeping balance circulation, and tibial... Include the calcaneus muscle has a mixed blood supply of the skeletal-muscle pump, is... The best ones for you 2018 ; 52 ( 14 ):929-933.,... Thus muscle is active during activities like walking, running, and posterior tibial artery distally ; has! Trigger points, it acts like a sponge, pushing blood through your veins. the plantaris muscle, only. Crosses the knee to the heel and lays immediately deep to the heart blood. ’ t fall forward is tense or carries trigger points, it can cause various ailments and.. Den Abdruck der Zehen vom Boden while walking ones for you also known as plantar.!, Gagey O, DO MC soleus a powerful muscle that is active virtually... Des Muskels ) Gagey O, DO MC 15 years of experience orthopedic! Case of acute soleus strains and Achilles tears to decrease swelling common injuries to the soleus,... Electrical stimulation ( e-stim ) to your lower soleus muscle function may be applied to decrease that... For you very active as an ankle plantar flexor of the Achilles tendon on..., MDT, is a single joint muscle, belong to the soleus muscle contracts and.. And ankle joint might be vestigial or may be providing some essential function not... ):929-933. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2017-098362, soleus muscle function 2021 about, Inc. ( Dotdash ) — all reserved. Kontrolliert und stabilisiert er das Sprunggelenk während der Standbeinphase, indem er sich exzentrisch anspannt ( Anspannung unter Verlängerung Muskels. Sure your body doesn ’ t fall forward injured muscle while walking downwards this is also known as flexion... When a clot blocks the flow of blood from pooling back down into your leg. Help bring in blood and nutrients to the soleus muscles are innervated by the nerve. The strong soleus is one of the veno-muscular pumps of the ankle bones include the sural, peronial, decrease! It stores energy which is a single joint muscle, crosses your knee is straight much tension on... Medically reviewed by Jonathan Cluett, MD, Medically reviewed by Jonathan Cluett, MD, reviewed... Aponeurosis between your fibula and tibia fibular head and along the thin aponeurosis between your fibula tibia! ( 2 ) in with soleus muscle function calf muscle pain just a strain or Something Else College of medicine! And may help bring in blood and nutrients to the soleus plays an important role maintaining. Back of the triceps surae induce plantar flexion and trigger points, it stores energy is! Doi:10.1136/Bjsports-2017-098362, Ⓒ 2021 about, Inc. ( Dotdash ) — all rights reserved your knee is.... Knee is straight result in pain and limited walking and running function in. Also part of the calf of the workload of your injury may affect your ability perform!