GOVERNMENT HISTORY AND BACKGROUND. HANNAH MARIE O. AGAS MM-PM LOCAL GOVT MGT OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION Local Government History and Background I. Pre-Colonial Period II. The consensus among reformists is that the Philippines should be a federal state with a parliamentary form of government. Republic Act (RA) 6957, as amended by RA 7718 (commonly known as the BOT Law), and its Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR), the 2013 NEDA JV Guidelines, Executive Order No. Local taxes [4] are involuntary fees that local government units (LGUs) collect from their constituents and use to finance activities and projects for their city or municipality.. Philippines Health Insurance Corporation (PhilHealth) – This is the government agency which require all employers and employees to be registered. LOCAL. One basic corollary in a presidential system of government is the principle of separation of powers wherein legislation belongs to Congress, execution to the Executive, and settlement of legal controversies to the Judiciary. They also reduce the discretionary authority of local governments, fragment service provision, and may produce coordination problems. Loan Data 1. There shall be autonomous regions in Muslim Mindanao and the Cordilleras as hereinafter provided. What are the government’s legal basis for entering into PPPS? Despite the grant of relative authority, the field staffs remain as employees of the national government and subject to its direction and control TYPES OF DECONCENTRATION • Integrated local administration- regional, provincial, or district offices of a national line agency are established and each is headed by a chief executive who is appointed by or is responsible to the central government. In partnership with government agencies and local communities, it is now piloting the implementation of the National Integrated Protected Areas System Law (NIPAS Law) in the priority protected areas of the Philippines with a $20 Million grant from the Global Environment Trust Fund - World Bank. The British system of local government, which has been the model for most of that country's former colonies, including the United States, is the most representative of the major types. •The Local Government Code is a fulfilment of the provision of the 1987 Philippine Constitution, which provides among others, that Congress shall enact a local government code that will institutionalize a system of decentralization (Sec. difficulty. Post Colonization Period to Present Local Government History and Background From the Pre-Colonial … Blended learning The territorial and political subdivisions of the Republic of the Philippines are the provinces, cities, municipalities, and barangays. Who can enter into PPP? ... UNIONor PUBLIC EMPLOYEES ORGANIZATION refers to any organization, union or association of employees in the agencies of government which exist in whole or in part for the purpose of collective ... Local Government Unit. Largely reformed in the 19th cent. Local government is often, but not necessarily, related to the former; local self-government to the latter. The four types of local governments are counties, townships, special districts and municipalities. The Spanish later founded many small towns, which they called poblaciones, and from those centres roads or trails were built in four to six directions, like the spokes … Fueled by an increase in public spending, fiscal reform and renewed investor confidence, the country is now considered a regional showcase for socioeconomic progress. Philippines 2387 Local Government Financing and Budget Reform Program (Subprogram 1) Republic of the Philippines Department of Finance (DOF) ¥34,253,100,000 equiv $300,000,000 1382 B. The maximum rate for this local tax is 50% of 1% of the gross annual receipts for the previous calendar year. Civil servants often do not have the resources or abilities to fulfill their tasks free from corruption and red tape (BTI 2016). In my experience as both a local government manager and adviser, I have found the best way to understand a local government’s annual budget process is by using the systems approach to management. Page 2 of 11 The Local Government Taxation in the Philippines by: Johny S. Natad INTRODUCTION Definition and Rationale Taxation is the imposition of a mandatory levy on the citizens and/or the businesses of a country by their government. THE TYPES OF UNION IN THE PHILIPPINES? In designating such a center, the local government unit concerned shall take into account the existing facilities of national and local agencies and offices which may serve as the government center as contemplated under this SECTION. 423 s. 2005, and the Local Government PPP Code/JV Ordinance. American Period (1898-1946) IV. Government in the Philippines Unitary - The government which Spain established in the Philippines was centralized in structure and national in scope. and extensively restructured in the 1970s, the system stresses local government autonomy through elected councils on the county and subcounty levels. A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state. Local authorities in common with other employers have found that they must set out to attract the right types of entrant from the various educational levels. Local government units and non-government organizations are helping the DepEd fulfill its aim of safely delivering education to children amid the Covid-19 pandemic, says Department of Education 7 Director Salustiano Jimenez. The advantages and interests of a career in local government must be demonstrated and every effort must be made to secure This involves peacekeeping, taxation, road and bridge repair, marriage and death records and property deeds. National taxes are imposed and collected by the national government through the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) while local taxes are collected by local government units. Philippines - Philippines - Local government: Before the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, most people lived in small independent villages called barangays, each ruled by a local paramount ruler called a datu. Fact-finding – Date Started – Date Completed 2. 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