Aphrodite was a goddess of love, but she could also be jealous and vindictive. The statue at right was discovered at the amphitheater in Capua, in southern Italy. APHRODITE(a-fro-DYE-tee; Roman name Venus) was the goddess of love, beauty and fertility. Some Greek sources drew a distinction between two different forms of Aphrodite. When Cronus overthrew his dad Uranus, he cut off his genitals and they were thrown into the sea and the former Titan's blood and presence and sea foam began to form, and she arose from the sea and got carried by a seashell to Mount Olympus. A god, in answer to her prayer, merged their two forms into one and transformed them into an androgynous form. Despite this marriage to Hephaestus, Aphrodite had many lovers. The Phoenicians, who also introduced writing to the lands of Greece, worshipped their own version of the Sumerian goddess. Aphrodite: Goddess of Love When anyone with a general knowledge of Greek mythology hears her name, their mind automatically shifts to images of beauty. See more. She was often called the "sea-born" goddess, because she was formed one evening from the foam of the sea, where its waves beat upon a rocky shore. She is sometimes known as the Cyprian because there was a cult center of Aphrodite on Cyprus [See Map Jc-d ]. As the representative of ideal beauty, Aphrodite was the goddess of love and romance in the Greek world as well. The meaning of the name Aphrodite is said to be “arisen from the foam”, although there is some debate as to the origins of the word and Goddess herself. Aphrodite rescued Paris from Menelaus by enveloping him in a cloud and taking him back to Troy. She saw him when he was born and determined then that he should be hers. Because of her beauty, other gods feared that their rivalry over her would interrupt the peace among them and lead to war, so Zeus marrie… She supposedly arose from the foam when the Titan Cronus slew his father Uranus and threw his genitals into the sea. Worshipped by men, women, and city-state officials, she also played a role in the c… The bathing Aphrodite was a favorite subject in the Hellenic era, such as the statue made by Doidalsas (third century BCE; at the Louvre). The beautiful female goddess of love is a widespread archetype in mythology, one that is embodied in the Near Eastern goddess Inanna. Aphrodite had a few mortal lovers. Just as the Greeks had adopted the Phoenician goddess, who in turn had been adopted from earlier Mesopotamian cultures, the Romans would later adapt Aphrodite as the goddess Venus. Corinth was the center of Aphrodite’s worship. Her symbols are the dove, apple, scallop shell and mirror. Aphrodite’s major symbols include myrtle, roses, doves, sparrows and swans. My name is Mike and for as long as I can remember (too long!) His job was to shoot arrows at people dipped in Aphrodite’s love potion, which would eventually make them go head over heels in love with the person they saw next. If you use any of the content on this page in your own work, please use the code below to cite this page as the source of the content. They helped to shape the foundations of Greek art, law, and religion. The cult of Aphrodite was largely derived from that of the Phoenician goddess Astarte, a cognate of the East Semitic goddess Ishtar, whose cult was based on the Sumerian cult of Inanna. Like all gods, she is immortal, invualnerable to all but celestial bronze, stygian iron and godly attacks, she can defy gravity and is perfect and super in performance (particularly love) and natural ability. In association with Aphrodite, this more specifically meant seduction. She is directly related to the ancient fertility goddesses … Hephaestus won Aphrodite’s hand by exploiting a loophole in Zeus’s decree that the goddess would be given in marriage to the one who brought him to Olympus. As told by Hesoid, Aphrodite was born when Cronus castrated the father of gods named Uranus. The symbols of Aphrodite are the dove, rose, myrtle tree, and swan. According to Homer's Iliad, she is the daughter of Zeus and Dione. Originally Aphrodite carried some of her eastern counterpart’s connotations of war and violence as well, explaining some of Aphrodite’s darker epithets in Greece and her association with Ares. Aphrodite's major symbols include myrtles, roses, doves, sparrows, and swans. Aphrodite is the Olympian goddess of love, beauty, sexual pleasure, and fertility. The goddess was repeatedly represented in civic architecture and on coins, and her attractive figure became symbolic of Roman power throughout the empire. As the embodiment of the perfect female, she also represented the emotions that such beauty could inspire. She is the equivalent of the Roman goddess Venus. For this, Aphrodite enlisted Eros (Cupid) to exact her revenge but the god of love instead falls in love with the girl. This adoption and evolution would continue through the ages. Although Aphrodite and Hera were not friends. She was not meant to be a goddess of the home. She was the goddess of passion and pleasure who was associated with the act of procreation more than maternalism or marriage. Currently, many scholars believe her to be a form of Ishtar, a Goddess imported from the … Early Greek art depicted the goddess as nude. The Greek word aphros means “foam,” and Hesiod relates in his Theogony that Aphrodite was born from the white foam produced by the severed genitals of Uranus … The poet Hesiod said that Aphrodite was born from sea-foam. She was young and slender, but with feminine curves. He judged that Adonis should spend half the year with each. This led to a feud with Persephone in which Zeus decreed Adonis should spend half of the year with Aphrodite and half of the year with Persephone. Aphrodite and her son Eros (Cupid) teamed up to cause Zeus to fall in love with a human named Europa. ---Percy Jackson As the personifacation of love, Aphrodite has omnipotent control over love,lust, beauty and their magics. She is a member of the Twelve Olympian gods who live on Mount Olympus. She wears a girdle-like belt called a cestus as her weapon to increase her female attraction. Depending on which myth of Aphrodite's parentage was … Aphrodite used a swan-drawn car to glide easily through the air. To most Greeks marriage was an institution of necessity, not love, so Aphrodite represented the type of woman that Greek men would pursue outside of their marriages. She was beautiful, regal, and charming. In Greek mythology, Aphrodite is the goddess of Love, Beauty, Seduction, Pleasure, and Happiness. She was one of the 12 chief gods believed to live on Mount Olympus. Aphrodite, ancient Greek goddess of sexual love and beauty, identified with Venus by the Romans. According to Hesiod's Theogony, she was born when Cronus cut off Uranus's genitals and threw them into the sea, and she arose from the sea foam (aphros). Aphrodite was also responsible for Trojan war. She was frequently shown nude or only semi-clothed to further emphasize the attractiveness of her form. She is known as the goddess of love and is said to have been a woman of great beauty. Aphrodite is the goddess of beauty, love, and sexuality. As per the Greek mythology, the goddess of love, sexual rapture and beauty is Aphrodite. One of Inanna’s domains was that of love and beauty. Two different stories explain the birth of Aphrodite. APHRODI′TE (Aphroditê), one of the great Olympian divinities, was, according to the popular and poetical notions of the Greeks, the goddess of love and beauty. Homer, on the other hand, said that she was the daughter of Zeus and Dione. Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love, was one of the extraordinary number of gods and goddesses worshipped by the Ancient Greeks. She was called the laughter loving goddess because she would laugh sweety or mockingly at those her charms had conquered. There is more than one story about her origins. Aphrodite is the Olympian goddess of love, beauty and pleasure. Aphrodite definition is - the Greek goddess of love and beauty. The Mycenaeans established control over much of the region as the Minoan civilization declined, and were acknowledged even in antiquity as the forefathers of Greek culture. Aphrodite was married to Hephaestus, but Aphrodite did not enter into this union of her own volition. Aphrodite has a very loving, compassionate nature. She can charm everyone, even the gods. She is famous for being the most beautiful of … Myths of her parentage differ, as do who was the father of many of her children, but most are settled on her children and marriages. "I'd met Aphrodite, Goddess of Love, in person, and her powers had scared me worse than Ares." Venus/Aphrodite was a favorite subject in the Renaissance and baroque periods (for example Botticello and Rubens). She was portrayed as an idealized young woman with perfect features. While writers often described her as finely clothed in the style of a noble woman, artists often showed her in the nude to further showcase her perfect figure. Most historians agree that many of the Greek deities originated with those of the Phoenicians, which in turn had been largely adopted from Babylon, Sumer, Assyria, and the other ancient civilizations of the Near East. Aphrodite is the Greek goddess of love and beauty. During the Trojan War, Aphrodite fought on the side of Paris. The first is simple: She was the child of Zeus and Dione. She supposedly arose from the foam when the Titan Cronus slew his father Uranus and threw his genitals into the sea. Her daughter and companion, Peitho, was the goddess of persuasion. She had the power to inspire Helen to love Paris to keep her promise to him. She Didn't Have a Signature Style. It all started when Eris, a goddess of discord and rivalry, appeared in wedding of king Peleus and sea-nymph Thetis. The two of them conceived Aeneas. Of course, the Greeks were not the only ancient culture to worship a goddess who embodied female beauty and physical attraction. Aphrodite was a goddess of pleasure rather than domesticity. 190; compare Anadyomene.) According to the second story, however, Aphrodite rose from the foam of the sea. Theog. The Temple of Aphrodite Urania is located northwest of the Ancient Agora of Athens and northeast of the temple of Apollo Epikourios. She and her children had power over love and desire. The apple should go to \"the fairest one\". The goddess of beauty is an ancient archetype, but how was it introduced to the Greek world? Aphrodite was not just a deity of love, but was the goddess of sexuality, pleasure, and procreation. This figure was brought to the region by Phoenician traders and settlers who influenced the pre-Greek cultures of the Mediterranean. She was also a protectress of sailors. Like Aphrodite and the Roman Venus, this goddess had been adopted by the region’s neighboring cultures and made their own. According to the famous poet Hesiod, Aphrodite was born from the sea foam (“aphro” in Greek) when Cronus castrated his father Uranus (the god known as the father of gods… Her main festival was the Aphro… The problem appeared when Aphrodite, Hera and Athena all started arguing that their existence suits the entitlement of golden apple. The love Aphrodite represented was often a particularly sexual one. Later, Aphrodite was both Adonis’s lover and his surrogate mother. Aphrodite Defined (Image) Aphrodite, Goddess of Love (a statue after the Venus de Milo in the Louvre) Aphrodite is the goddess of love, beauty, sex appeal, and fertility. She had many meanings and domains, which allowed her to touch on nearly all aspects of human life. Though the way she was born was peculiar. Aphrodite was not an embodiment of the ideal wife, but rather of the ideal sexual partner. All gods were portrayed as idealized and perfectly proportioned, but Aphrodite was noteworthy for having all the attributes of the ideal feminine form. Aphrodite is one of the best-known Greek goddesses, but her temple in Greece is relatively small. Aphrodite is the Goddess of Love and Beauty and according to Hesiod’s Theogony, she was born from the foam in the waters of Paphos, on the island of Cyprus. Please like and share this article if you found it useful. Her son Eros caused people to fall in love with one another, but he usually did so at his mother’s express command. The Greek version of this goddess was Aphrodite. They influenced that culture’s religion, which is through to have been spread to mainland Greece through both commerce and conquest. Aphrodite was most famously declared the most beautiful of the Olympian goddesses when Paris was given the chance. Aphrodite was the goddess of fertility, love, and beauty. Her lovers include both gods and men – including the god Ares and the mortal Anchises. Through these civilizations, the Phoenicians exerted economic and cultural influence over the region for over a thousand years. The Greek Goddess Aphrodite. Her most famous lover was Ares, the God of War by whom she had seven children who are detailed in the Family Tree and Genealogy of Aphrodite and Ares. Beauty and Omnipotent Allure: As the Goddess of Beauty, Aphrodite can change her appearance depending on the perception of the beauty of the person she is in the presence of. Aphrodite was able to affect emotions and fertility, and she had power over men and the ability to induce the harvest of crops. Aphrodite was a goddess of love, but her marriage to Hephaestus was famously unhappy. Aphrodite was the epitome of beauty and perfection, the root of all love, and the most desirable goddess of Olympus. In her ancient Roman form, Venus, she was also the goddess associated with modesty. Her image is found on coins (for example from Cnidos) and on terra cotta. Aphrodite’s most famous and loved son was Eros, we know him as cupid. Aphrodite is generally described as the goddess of beauty. Aphrodite was the Greek goddess of beauty and all the emotions it excited. Aphrodite loved Adonis. Aphrodite was the Greek goddess of love, beauty and sexual rapture. Inanna was what historians refer to as a trans-functional goddess. While she, Athena, and Hera all bribed the prince as well, it was always implied that Aphrodite was the victor for her attractiveness as well as her promise of the love of the most beautiful woman in the world. She is regularly attended by few of her children, the Erotes, who are capable of stirring up passion in both mortals and gods at the goddess’ will. She epitomised the traits considered desirable in a Greek woman. Aphrodite is the Goddess of Love and Beauty and according to Hesiod’s Theogony, she was born from the foam in the waters of Paphos, on the island of Cyprus. Aphrodite is depicted in a multitude of different ways, and the … Aphrodite could be a jealous goddess who punished those who angered her, but she was still seen as so physically perfect that no man could resist her charms. Her son Eros caused people to fall in love with one another, but he usually did so at his mother’s express command. Unlike many fertility goddesses, Aphrodite was not strongly associated with marriage. Link will appear as Aphrodite: https://greekgodsandgoddesses.net - Greek Gods & Goddesses, September 19, 2014, © Greek Gods and Goddesses 2010 - 2021 | About | Contact | Privacy, Aphrodite: https://greekgodsandgoddesses.net, Dolphin, Rose, Scallop Shell, Myrtle, Dove, Sparrow, Girdle, Mirror, and Swan, Hephaestus, Ares, Poseidon, Hermes, Dionysus, Adonis, and Anchises, Eros, Phobos, Deimos, Harmonia, Pothos, Anteros, Himeros, Hermaphroditos, Rhode, Eryx, Peitho, Eunomia, The Graces, Priapus, Aeneas and Tyche (possibly). (Hesiod. Because of this, Zeus married Aphrodite to Hephaestus – he wasn’t seen as a threat because of his ugliness and deformity. She was syncretized with the Roman goddess Venus. I have been in love with all things related to Mythology. She is the wife of the ugliest of the gods, Hephaestus. She was certainly described in those terms. Many gods believed that her beauty was such that their rivalry over her would spark a war of the gods. They included spirits of unrequited love, desire, and flattery. The Phoenicians also traded with the Mycenaeans, the first major culture to develop on the Peloponisian peninsula. The Canaanites called her Astarte. She and Ares conceived Harmonia, who eventually married Herodotus. Finally, Zeus had to mediate. One of the most notable was the Trojan shepherd Anchises. Aphrodite is the goddess of beauty, love, pleasure and procreation in Greek mythology. Aphrodite is associated with the Roman goddess Venus because they shared many of the same characteristics. His name is compounded of his parents' … However, according to Homer, in Iliad, Aphrodite may instead be the daughter of Zeus and Dione. Under her various names Inanna had a similar mythology and iconography. Aphrodite gave Harmonia a necklace that brought disaster to a later generation. She was shown and described as exceptionally beautiful, youthful, and well-dressed. Aphrodite represented more than just beauty. Aphrodite is the mother of the god of love, Eros (more familiar as Cupid). In art, the belief in Aphrodite’s beauty was just as apparent. As with so many Greek deities, there are many stories about the origins of the gods. Early images of Aphrodite are almost indistinguishable from those of the Phoenician Astarte. Aphrodite often used this power to punish her enemies by making them fall in love with poor matches, even monsters. Beauty is what Aphrodite stands for. Ancient Greek goddess of love, beauty, desire, and all aspects of sexuality, Aphrodite could entice both gods and men into illicit affairs with her good looks and whispered sweet nothings. The iconography of Aphrodite shows us that she was just one in a long line of beautiful but dangerous love goddesses. It was a constant archetype in mythology and continues to be a trope in modern literature. Aphrodite owned a girdle that contained her enchantments; Hera borrowed it once to seduce Zeus in order to distract him from the Trojan War. Aphrodite definition, the ancient Greek goddess of love and beauty, identified by the Romans with Venus. I am the owner and chief researcher at this site. Her Roman equivalent is Venus. He was the god of love and helped his mother in most of her work. With the exception of the Homeric hymn on Aphrodite there is no trace of this legend in … The most beautiful of all the goddesses was Aphrodite, the goddess of love and beauty. Poseidon was one of the most venerated gods in all of the Greek world, but who... Like many Greek gods, Poseidon was worshiped under many names that give insight into his importance... Circe: The Famous Sorceress of Greek Legend. Under the name Astarte or Astaroth, this goddess was spread through the eastern Mediterranean by Bronze Age traders. Aphrodite almost certainly developed from an ancient Near Eastern goddess, who was herself a form of an even more ancient love goddess archetype. Because of her discovery, that she had not been invited to a wedding, she threw the golden apple, a fruit of temptation, to a banquet table. Aphrodite and Cupid initiated the love between Jason (hero of the Quest of the Golden Fleece) and the daughter of the Colchian King. In fact, one of her most famous myths describes her extramarital affair with Ares and how she was eventually caught in the act by her husband, Hephaestus. My work has also been published on Buzzfeed and most recently in Time magazine. Read on to find out what Aphrodite meant to the people of Greece. Prostitutes considered the Goddess of Love their patron. She assigned Persephone to his care, but Persephone fell in love with Adonis also and would not give him back. Aphrodite: Goddess of Love 702 Words | 3 Pages. Aphrodite (or, to the Romans, Venus), was the Greek goddess of love, desire and beauty. The link between the Greek goddess of love and the Sumerian is just one example of the way in which religious archetypes spread through the Mediterranean. She was the model for the famous sculpture Venus de Milo. She is the Greek goddess of love, beauty, and fertility. Aphrodite Callipygos is the goddess of love, beauty and the feminine ideal. Cronus cut off his genitals and threw them into the sea which became the form of foam, and washed away onto the shore of Cyprus or Cythera in a shell with Aphrodite. Aphrodite is an ancient Greek goddess associated with love, beauty, pleasure, passion and procreation. Aphrodite was the ancient Greek goddess responsible for love, fertility and beauty. She wields a force called "Love Magic" which she can infuse into various objects, such as her sc… Just as the Minoans and Mycenaeans had put their own regional variation on the goddess, so too would the Romans eventually adopt the Greek Aphrodite as their own Venus. Ancient writers depicted Aphrodite as desirable and regal, clothed in finery and rich jewels. Her son Eros had the power to make people fall in love, which Aphrodite used to both reward her favorites and punish those who angered her. Aphrodite's main cult centers were Cythera, Cyprus, Corinth, and Athens. Born near Cyprus from the severed genitalia of the sky god Uranus, Aphrodite had a much wider significance than the traditional view as a mere goddess of love and sex. Aphrodite was a goddess of love, specifically romantic and sexual attraction. She was attended by the Erotes, personifications of the specific types of love who were also said to be her sons. Almost every culture of the ancient world had a perfectly beautiful goddess who was associated with love and procreation. The Phoenicians traded with the Minoans, the ancient people of pre-Greek Crete, as early as the 20th century BC. In ancient Greek mythology Aphrodite was the goddess of love and beauty. Aphrodite was a goddess of love, specifically romantic and sexual attraction. The Sumerian Inanna was worshipped by the cultures of Babylon, Akkad, and Assyria under the name Ishtar. Aphrodite often used this power to punish her enemies by making them fall in love with poor matches, even monsters. Some traditions stated that she had sprung from the foam (aphros) of the sea, which had gathered around the mutilated parts of Uranus, that had been thrown into the sea by Kronos after he had unmanned his father. She also played a role in the story of Eros and Psyche in which admirers of Psyche neglected to worship Venus (Aphrodite) and instead worshipped her. 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